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On the net Since 1994
These pages show work done in 1989, shortly after Pons & Fleischmann's famous announcement at the University of Utah.
Mar. 23 1989 press release: "Two scientists have successfully created a sustained nuclear fusion reaction at room temperature in a chemistry laboratory at the University of Utah. The breakthrough means the world may someday rely on fusion for a clean virtually inexhaustible source of energy."
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In the 2009 study, Mosier-Boss and colleagues inserted an electrode composed of nickel or gold wire into a solution of palladium chloride mixed with deuterium or "heavy water"...
The deuterium oxide is recycled by means of electrical sparks which were produced every few seconds to burn the deuterium to convert it back into water -- deuterium dioxide. (Thus these sparks regenerated Deuterium to D2O so as not to waste the expensive deuterium. The voltage for the ignition spark was about 20kv.)
The palladium electrode shows deformation due to deuterium uptake into the palladium lattice.
Careful calorimetric measurements (thermometer not pictured) showed that no excess energy was produced.
On the morning of 5-13-1989 this apparatus exploded in my kitchen. This was likely due to the electric sparks used to reclaim the D2O causing the apparatus to ignite the built-up deuterium and oxygen -- this was probably not because of any fusion reaction.
I know the date, because I wrote it next to the thermometer's blue fluid-stain on the ceiling. (The thermometer's stain as since evaporated -- disappeared, but I wrote the date on the ceiling.)
Beaudette shows how
media attention escalated into
a confusing controversy...
should research be continued?
Searching for the Truth
Behind the Cold Fusion Furor
Quack Science: The Big Bang Never Happened
* 1926 - Friedrich Paneth and Kurt Peters report the transformation of hydrogen into helium (Über die Verwandlung von Wasserstoff in Helium) within palladium (later retracted).
* 1927 - J. Tandberg said that he had fused hydrogen into helium in an electrolytic cell with palladium electrodes.
@Com last updated 12/12/12