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Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) is practiced
in Africa's Islamic countries.

World Health Organization Classification of Female Genital Mutilation


Female genital mutilation comprises all procedures involving partial or total removal of the female external genitalia or other injury to the female genital organs whether for cultural or other non-therapeutic reasons.
Type I Excision of the prepuce, with or without excision of part or all of the clitoris (see Figure 2 below).
Other terms used to describe Type I procedures include circumcision, ritualistic circumcision, sunna, clitoridectomy.
Type II Excision of the clitoris with partial or total excision of the labia minora (see Figure 3)
Other terms used
to describe Type II procedures include clitoridectomy, sunna, excision and circumcision.
Type III Excision of part or all of the external genitalia and stitching/narrowing of the vaginal opening (infibulation, (see Figure 4)
Other terms used to describe Type III procedures include infibulation, Pharaonic circumcision and Somalian circumcision.
Type IV Unclassified: includes
  • pricking, piercing or incising of the clitoris and/or labia
  • stretching of the clitoris and/or labia
  • cauterisation by burning of the clitoris and surrounding tissue
  • scraping of tissue surrounding the vaginal orifice (angurya cuts) or cutting of the vagina (gishiri cuts)
  • introduction of corrosive substances or herbs into the vagina to cause bleeding or for the purposes of tightening or narrowing it
  • and any other procedure which falls under the definition of female genital mutilation given above.

Figure 1
 Unaltered female genitalia

Figure 2
 Area of tissue removed - Type I FGM

Figure 3.a
 Area of tissue removed - Type II FGM

Figure 3.b
 Appearance of Type II after suture

Figure 4.a
 Area of tissue removed - Type III FGM

Figure 4.b
 Appearance of Type III after suture

These figures are examples only, considerable variations occur within FGM types.

   Female genital Mutilation - Information for health professionals, formerly


"Female genital mutilation -- female circumcision, may be performed on girls ranging in from 1 week to puberty.

Immediate physical complications include severe pain, shock, infection, bleeding, acute urinary infection, tetanus, and death. Long-term problems include chronic pain, difficulties with urination  and menstruation, pelvic infection leading to infertility, and prolonged and obstructed labor during childbirth.

Not surprisingly, FGM is outlawed in the USA and most Western countries."

~ British Medical Journal on Female Genital Mutilation   August 1993

"In Iran, stoning a person to death is not against the law -- using the wrong stone is."    ~ Amnesty International

FGM predates Christianity and Islam and does not pertain to any specific religion, yet today's Islamic societies are the primary setting of this human rights crime. The practice of mutilation is thought to have arisen out of ancient Egypt..

Click to link to the Video

Click to link to the Video

 Appearance of Type III after suture - see Figure 4.c

 Appearance of Type III after suture - see Figure 4.c

 Appearance of Type III 15 days after suture.   see Figure 4.c

 Link:  Sharia Law...

Sources and Links:
Islam Index
You Tube: Female genital mutilation

Wikipedia: Female genital mutilation
Female suicide bomber
Islam & masturbation
IRAN: Stoning for Adultery

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