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Facsimile 1
Facsimile 2


 Original document     Facsimile 2              
Original Egyptian Papyrus from which Smith Reconstructed Facsimile2.
 The missing parts are divinely inspired (right).
Facsimile 2 as found in the Kirtland Egyptian Papers.

 "Translated"  document    Facsimile 2              
Joseph Smith's "facsimile2"
              Drawing by Jos. Smith.
Facsimile 2 as published in the Book of Abraham.

Fig. 1 Kolob *, signifying the first creation, nearest to the celestial, or the residence of God. First in government, the last pertaining to the measurement of time. The measurement according to celestial time, which celestial time signifies one day to a cubit. One day in Kolob is equal to a thousand years according to the measurement of this earth, which is called by the Egyptians Jah-oh-eh. "The spirit of the four elements (according to Champollion), or rather of the four winds, or the four cardinal points; the soul of the terrestrial world. This god is always represented with four rams' heads, and his image has certainly been altered here. — They have also evidently made a very clumsy attempt at copying the double human head of the god figured above, fig. 2, instead of the four rams' heads. The word Jah-oh-eh has nothing Egyptian in it; it resembles the Hebrew word [redacted] badly transcribed." (emphasis in original) The name hieroglyph above the central figure is Chnm-Re, the Egyptian "First Creator" god who organized everything out of the primordial chaos.
Fig. 2 Stands next to Kolob *, called by the Egyptians Oliblish, which is the next grand governing creation near to the celestial or the place where God resides; holding the key of power also, pertaining to other planets; as revealed from God to Abraham, as he offered sacrifice upon an altar, which he had built unto the Lord. "Ammon-Ra, with two human heads, meant probably to represent both the invisible or mysterious principle of Ammon, and the visible or luminous principle of Ra, the sun; or else the double and simultaneous principle of father and son; which characterizes divinity in the religion of ancient Egypt.
Fig. 3 Is made to represent God, sitting upon his throne, clothed with power and authority; with a crown of eternal light upon his head; representing also the grand Key-words of the Holy Priesthood, as revealed to Adam in the Garden of Eden, as also to Seth, Noah, Melchizedek, Abraham, and all to whom the Priesthood was revealed. "The sun god Ra, with a hawk's head, seated in his boat. In the field the two symbolical figuring, according to M. de Rougé, the fixed points of an astronomical period."
Fig. 4 Answers to the Hebrew word Raukeeyang, signifying expanse, or the firmament of the heavens; also a numerical figure, in Egyptian signifying one thousand; answering to the measuring of the time of Oliblish, which is equal with Kolob in its revolution and in its measuring of time. Deveria commented; "The Hebrew word [redacted], Roki'a, expansum, solidum, ecclum, firmamentum, besides being badly described, has no relation whatever to this figure, which represents a mummified hawk, called in Egyptian Ah'em. It is the symbol of the divine repose of death; its extended wings have reference to the resurrection."
Fig. 5 Is called in Egyptian Enish-go-on-dosh; this is one of the governing planets also, and is said by the Egyptians to be the Sun, and to borrow its light from Kolob through the medium of Kae-e-vanrash, which is the grand Key, or, in other words, the governing power, which governs fifteen other fixed planets or stars, as also Floeese or the Moon, the Earth and the Sun in their annual revolutions. This planet receives its power through the medium of Kli-flos-is-es, or Ha-ko-kau-beem, the stars represented by numbers 22 and 23, receiving light from the revolutions of Kolob *. "The mystic cow, the great cow, symbolizing the inferior hemisphere of the heavens. It is called the virgin cow at ch. 162 of the funerary ritual, which particularly enjoins that its image be painted on the hypocephalus, and another image of it in gold on the throat of the defunct. It is the form of Hathor, who figures on several monuments under the name of noub, gold. Behind the cow is a goddess, whose head, represented by a mystic eye in a disk, is incorrectly copied." (emphasis in original)
Fig. 6 Represents this earth in its four quarters. "The four funerary genii, the sons of [Horus], Amset, Hapy, Tioumautew, and Kebhsoniw."
Fig. 7 Represents God sitting upon his throne, revealing through the heavens the grand Key-words of the Priesthood; as, also, the sign of the Holy Ghost unto Abraham, in the form of a dove. "The form of Ammon, with a bird's tail, or Horammon (?). An ithyphallic serpent, with human legs, offers him a symbolical eye. This last figure has certainly been altered in the hypocephalus of the Mormons."
Fig. 8 "Contains writing that cannot be revealed unto the world; but is to be had in the Holy Temple of God, where "Grant that the soul of the Osiris Sheshonk may live".
Fig. 9 Ought not to be revealed at the present time "The netherworld (below the earth) and his great waters".
Fig. 10 Also "O mighty god, lord of heaven and earth".
Fig. 11 If the world can find out these numbers, so let it be. Amen. "O god of the sleeping ones from the time of creation".
(A single message,  in this order: 11, 10, 9, 8.)
 12 - 15

...will be given in the own due time of the Lord. The  above translation is given as far as we have any right to give at the present time"

Joseph Smith's "facsimile2"
Fig. 1 - 23

Facsimile 2 as published in the Book of Abraham.
Hypocephalus of Sheshonq

A trace of the original hieroglyphic writing from this hypocephalus is visible on the left edge of Figs. 12, 13, 14 and 15 but only the phrase "his words" can be made out at the end of the line in Fig. 15. The remainder of these lines are filled with hieratic writing taken from another source (Papyrus Joseph Smith XI).

Fig. 12 (upside down)  "near"  and  "wrap"
Fig. 13 (upside down)  "which made by"
Fig. 14 (upside down)  "breathings"
Fig. 15 (upside down)  "this book"
Fig. 16 "and may this soul and its possessor never be desecrated in the  netherworld".
Fig. 17 "May this tomb never be desecrated"
Fig. 18

Three-fourths of the original hieroglyphic inscription has survived.  Counterclockwise it reads:

"I am Djabty in the house of Benben in Heliopolis, so exalted and glorious. [I am] copulating bull without equal. [I am] that mighty god in the house of Benben in Heliopolis ... that mighty god..."

Figs. 19 - 21 "You shall be as that god, the Busirian".
Figs. 22 - 23 "The name of this mighty god".

The Book of Abraham papyri were thought lost in the 1871 Great Chicago Fire. However, in 1966 several fragments of the papyri were found in the archives of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York, and in the LDS Church archives. They are now referred to as the Joseph Smith Papyri.

Upon examination by professional LDS and non-LDS Egyptologists, the papyri were found to bear no resemblance to Joseph Smith's interpretation, and were common Egyptian funerary texts, dating to about the first century BC. As a result, the Book of Abraham has been the source of significant controversy, with Mormon apologists offering a variety of explanations as to the reason for the differences.

The figure represented by Facsimile 2 is a common Egyptian artifact called a hypocephalus. Hypocephali are placed under the head or feet of the mummified person to assist them in remembering what to say and do in relation to the trials they would face after death.

As with Facsimile No. 1, Smith's explanation differs from the standard interpretation.

Sheshonq’s Hypocephalus
Hypocephalus of Sheshonq


The "Egyptian Alphabet & Grammar" Hypocephalus ...is the Rosetta Stone of Jos. Smith's translation of the Book of Abraham

...The missing parts,  divinely inspired, translated correctly and rendered by Jos. Smith's hand.

Smith used hieratic characters, which are from a later period as the rest of the document.  He drew the added characters upside down, that is, he drew them in the opposite direction of the surrounding border characters.   This signifies, in Smith's divinely inspired view, that Black people are antipodal  to white people.     Link   A Demotic - Heiroglyphic - English Dictionary

Smith's translation of the newly added missing parts (at approx. 1 - 2 o'clock, 4 o'clock   and 9 o'clock, above)  have to do with the idea that
Black People cannot hold the Mormon priesthood because they are descendents of Cain.

At right is a HYPOCEPHALUS   
literally 'that which is below the head')
 from the British Museum.

Hypocepahli are common inclusions with Egyptian
 mummies,  placed  over the head.   Compare with
the  Mormon  original (above). 




 [off-site link: Hypocaphalus Critically Examined]

   British Museum Click to Enlarge

  Hypocephalus Gallery    Sheshonq’s Hypocephalus    

The hypocephalus, literally 'that which is below the head', was placed between the head of the mummy and the funerary headrest.

The earliest examples appeared in the Late Period, around 664 BC. They were simply inscribed pieces of papyrus. By the Ptolemaic period (332-30 BC), they were made of linen stiffened with plaster, decorated with vignettes. An inscription is inscribed at the circumference.         Courtesy  [off-site] British Museum.

*  Kolob is a star or planet described in Mormon scripture. Reference to Kolob is found in the Book of Abraham, a work published by Joseph Smith, Jr., the inventor of Mormonism. According to Smith, Kolob is the heavenly body nearest to the throne or residence of God. While the Book of Abraham refers to Kolob as a "star", it also refers to planets as stars, and therefore, some LDS apologists consider Kolob to be a planet.

The idea Kolob has been monetized. It appears within LDS culture, and there is a LDS hymn about it [The Kolob Song ].  Kolob is also the inspiration for the planet Kobol within the Battlestar Galactica universe, created by Glen A. Larson, a Mormon.

Kolob has recently been identified by modern astronomical object and is recognized as an ancient concept by modern Mormon Egyptologist. Kolob is discussed in modern LDS religious contexts and it is periodically a topic of discussion in criticism of Mormonism.

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Joseph Smith: Facsimile          Translated- Correctly.com

 Links:        Facsimile 1   |   Facsimile 2   |   Facsimile B   |   Jos. Smith Papyri   |   Hypocephalus Gallery   |   Sheshonq’s Hypocephalus


Facsimile 1
Facsimile 2



Foreword by
Frank R. Zindler

 Original document     Facsimile 1

Professional reconstruction of the original. Joseph Smith began his translation of the Book of Abraham from the hieroglyphics at right.

Reprint of the actual papyrus used by Joseph Smith.  Note the lacuna, or missing portions of the vignette. It is in these that Joseph Smith "finished" the drawing resulting in Facsimile No. 1.

 "Translated"  document    Facsimile 1

The 'finished" Facsimile No. 1 from the Book of Abraham (above), and the papyrus from which it was copied (left), showing original vignette.

In actuality, this depicts the mythical embalming and resurrection of Osiris, Egyptian god of the underworld. Osiris was slain by his jealous brother Set, who cut up his body into 16 pieces and scattered them.

The jackal-headed god Anubis is shown embalming the body of Osiris on the traditional lion-headed couch to prepare him for the underworld.

 His restoration, according to Egyptologists, reveals a complete lack of understanding of Egyptian practice and of theology.

Fig. 1 The Angel of the Lord. "The soul of Osiris (which should have a human head)"
Fig. 2 Abraham fastened upon an altar. "Osiris coming to life on his couch, which is in the shape of a lion"
Fig. 3 The idolatrous priest of Elkenah attempting to offer up Abraham as a sacrifice. "The God Anubis (who should have a jackal's head) effecting the resurrection of Osiris"
Fig. 4 The altar for sacrifice by the idolatrous priests, standing before the gods of Elkenah, Libnah, Mahmackrah, Korash, and Pharaoh. "The funeral bed of Osiris"
Fig. 5 The idolatrous god of Elkenah. Canopic jar portraying Qebehsenuf with a falcon's head - one of the four sons of Horus
Fig. 6 The idolatrous god of Libnah. Canopic jar portraying Duamutef with a jackal's head - one of the four sons of Horus
Fig. 7 The idolatrous god of Mahmackrah. Canopic jar portraying Hapy with an ape's head - one of the four sons of Horus
Fig. 8 The idolatrous god of Korash. Canopic jar portraying Imsety with a human head - one of the four sons of Horus
Fig. 9 The idolatrous god of Pharaoh. "The sacred crocodile, symbolic of the god Sedet"
Fig. 10 Abraham in Egypt. "Altar laden with offerings"
Fig. 11 Designed to represent the pillars of heaven, as understood by the Egyptians. "An ornament peculiar to Egyptian art"
Fig. 12 Raukeeyang, signifying expanse, or the firmament over our heads; but in this case, in relation to this subject, the Egyptians meant it to signify Shaumau, to be high, or the heavens, answering to the Hebrew word, Shaumahyeem. "Customary representation of ground in Egyptian paintings (The word Shauman is not Egyptian, and the Hebrew word is badly copied)"

Kolob is a star or planet described in Mormon scripture. Reference to Kolob is found in the Book of Abraham described here --  a work published by Joseph Smith, Jr., the inventor of Mormonism. According to Smith, Kolob is the heavenly body nearest to the throne or residence of God. While the Book of Abraham refers to Kolob as a "star", it also refers to planets as stars, and therefore, some LDS apologists as Associate Research Professor Michael David Rhodes who know nothing,  consider Kolob to be a planet.


Michael David Rhodes
Associate Research Professor Department of Ancient Scripture,
Assistant Professor of Physics & Director of Campus Observatory
Brigham Young University (801) 422-2445 Michael_Rhodes@byu.edu

BYU Professor Rhodes:

"Jos. Smith's explanations of the hypocephalus illustrated in Facsimile 2 are supported by our present understanding of ancient Egyptian religion, and are in fact especially typical of Late Egyptian religious writings. One or two could conceivably be dismissed as mere chance or lucky guessing, but the many correct interp[r]etations taken together are impossible to ignore. It is clear that Joseph Smith knew what he was talking about".

This only reaffirms what every honest person can learn in earnest prayer, that Jos. Smith received these things from God, even as he claimed.

Prof Rhodes home page here.      CQ: K3VM

Updated: May 28, 2011 by Michael Rhodes




 Pearl of Great Price

By permission Brigham Young University.

facsimile_bs.jpg (46860 bytes)
Photo credit Laudate Dominum Press (BYU)

Photo  BYU Museum, Provo. UT 1977

Facsimile B, from the BYU Archives, points out the fundamental similitude between the two drawings, this, due to Jos. Smith's inspired, correctly translated hieroglyphics. Modern Egyptologists and Mormon Scholars laud Smith's translation.

 Note: Facsimile B (Linear B)  is part of the "Pearl of Great Price Collection" in the vaults of the LDS church, in  Cottonwood Canyon, near Salt Lake City, Utah, USA.)




  The Kolob Song
  Facsimile 1, more...
  Eternal Perfection
  The Speed of Prayer
  Critical Thinking:
  Mormon Humor:
  The Kolob song

  Kinderhook Plates

Mormon Money:
Coins from the Book Of Mormon

Cracking Codes:
The Rosetta Stone
and Decipherment


By His Own Hand Upon Papyrus:
A New Look at the
Joseph Smith Papyri

Coins from the Book Of Mormon

Two translations of Papyrus Jos. Smith XI


Jean François Champollion

In 1822 Jean François Champollion, using the ROSETTA STONE,   made the decisive discovery concerning the decipherment of the hieroglyphs and became the founder of Egyptology ... ... At the same time, Joseph Smith,
 using a SEE


 ...invented Mormonism.

Jos. Smith

The Rosetta Stone is an ancient Egyptian stela inscribed with a decree issued at Memphis in 196 BC on behalf of King Ptolemy V.

The decree appears in three scripts: the upper text is ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs, the middle portion Demotic script, and the lowest ancient Greek. Because it presents essentially the same text in all three scripts it provided the key to the modern understanding of Egyptian hieroglyphs.


The Kinderhook Plates


Go to:

100+Library   Mormon Masturbation

Hypocephalus Gallery Book of Abraham Hypocephalus Atheism
Facsimile B:
 The LOST papyrus
John and Mary Pay a Visit Graveyard of Dead Gods
Facsimile 2:
Translated Correctly
Translating Egyptian  Rosetta Stone
Facsimile 3 The Liahona Code of Hammurabi
Islam - Koran    
Mormon Egyptologist doubts Smith's translation of Book of Abraham

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